David Anointed King
11 Then all Israel gathered together to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. In times past, even when Saul was king, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the LORD your God said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over my people Israel.’” So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.
David Takes Jerusalem
And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, that is, Jebus, where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You will not come in here.” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David. David said, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites first shall be chief and commander.” And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief. And David lived in the stronghold; therefore it was called the city of David. And he built the city all around from the Millo in complete circuit, and Joab repaired the rest of the city. And David became greater and greater, for the LORD of hosts was with him.
David’s Mighty Men
Now these are the chiefs of David’s mighty men, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel. This is an account of David’s mighty men: Jashobeam, a Hachmonite, was chief of the three. He wielded his spear against 300 whom he killed at one time.
And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite. He was with David at Pas-dammim when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. There was a plot of ground full of barley, and the men fled from the Philistines. But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and killed the Philistines. And the LORD saved them by a great victory.
Three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David at the cave of Adullam, when the army of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. And David said longingly, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!” Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and took it and brought it to David. But David would not drink it. He poured it out to the LORD and said, “Far be it from me before my God that I should do this. Shall I drink the lifeblood of these men? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.
Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against 300 men and killed them and won a name beside the three. He was the most renowned of the thirty and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three.
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two heroes of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. And he struck down an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits tall. The Egyptian had in his hand a spear like a weaver’s beam, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and won a name beside the three mighty men. He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.
The mighty men were Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, Shammoth of Harod, Helez the Pelonite, Ira the son of Ikkesh of Tekoa, Abiezer of Anathoth, Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite, Maharai of Netophah, Heled the son of Baanah of Netophah, Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah of Pirathon, Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, Azmaveth of Baharum, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sachar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur, Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, Hezro of Carmel, Naarai the son of Ezbai, Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri, Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him, Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite, Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite, Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite, Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite, Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.
1 Chronicles 11 Commentary
by Hank Workman
For 20 years David waited. As a young man, Samuel came to his household and anointed him the future king. These 20 years would be tumultuous for him personally. His faith strong he took down Goliath. His determination to stick close to his God, he stood firm again and again through the antics and bizarre behavior of King Saul.
A man literally on the run many of these years, he rested in the Rock higher than he. But there had to have been times for him personally where he wondered if this anointing was just a dream or possibly even Samuel had missed the mark. I mean, 20 years of waiting to see this event take place sounds unbelievable! But nothing is ever recorded of this. David continued to walk the path laid before him and did not waver.
Waiting is hard. We believe God has given a vision toward something but there’s nothing on the horizon. We have been affirmed in something that seems virtually impossible to see how it could come to pass but no movement has been made toward that. God places longings in our heart and well, the longings and desires stay but nothing seems to come together.
We fight discouragement in such times. There are temptations to simply give up on what we believe God promised. But it is in these times not only are the makings of us taking place and the revelation of where our faith stands despite, God is doing something below the surface. As with David, these 20 years of waiting would be a molding and shaping of him to be the king desired. Verse 9 is a testament. “David became more and more powerful because the Lord Almighty was with him.”
Throughout the years and even when his dream became reality God blessed David because he was consistent in his trust. The promises God has given are always worth waiting for. It’s simply many times they don’t match our time frame. Hold tightly to the things God has spoken. Wait in expectation of His plan coming together. Cling to the God your Rock when such questions bombard. He is doing a work within you that will make the wait worth it.
1 Chronicles 11 Commentary
by Brad Boyles
David’s ascent to king was not as simple as three verses. In the book of 2 Samuel, the entire process is described in great detail over 3 chapters. David would be anointed king by the Judeans, but not all of Israel agreed as to who was actually their king. A few chapters back, we studied the genealogy of Saul’s children. It would be Ishbosheth who was anointed king by the rest of Israel. Not only would David have to wait on Saul’s destruction before being anointed king, but he would immediately step into turmoil and division within the nation.
As we read here in Chronicles, Joab became David’s military leader and right-hand man. For Ishbosheth, it would be Abner. Once Abner realized that David’s rule was inevitable, he strategically decided to follow David contingent upon him being the military leader over the northern tribes. Joab, being jealous of sharing his power, assassinated Abner. Around the same time, Ishbosheth was murdered by some of his own men.
Within all of these crazy events, David remained patient and faithful to God’s plan for him. In fact, he set the tone for how Israel was to deal with matters like this in his heartfelt mourning for Abner.
They buried Abner at Hebron. And the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept. 33 And the king lamented for Abner, saying, “Should Abner die as a fool dies? 34 Your hands were not bound; your feet were not fettered; as one falls before the wicked you have fallen.” And all the people wept again over him.2 Samuel 3:32-34 ESV
Sometimes it’s easy to justify taking shortcuts. Would anyone have said a word if David decided not to mourn the death of Abner? It’s true that at one point he was an enemy of David, siding with Ishbosheth and his leadership. David did what he ought to according to the righteousness of the Lord. He set the tone with the people that this type of behavior is not of God.
Where have you been taking shortcuts? Even more, where have you been justifying behavior that is directly affecting others? Each of us has a leadership position in life regardless of our title. People are watching and observing.