Isaiah 23

Isaiah 23

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An Oracle Concerning Tyre and Sidon

23 The oracle concerning Tyre.

  Wail, O ships of Tarshish,
    for Tyre is laid waste, without house or harbor!
  From the land of Cyprus
    it is revealed to them.
  Be still, O inhabitants of the coast;
    the merchants of Sidon, who cross the sea, have filled you.
  And on many waters
  your revenue was the grain of Shihor,
    the harvest of the Nile;
    you were the merchant of the nations.
  Be ashamed, O Sidon, for the sea has spoken,
    the stronghold of the sea, saying:
  “I have neither labored nor given birth,
    I have neither reared young men
    nor brought up young women.”
  When the report comes to Egypt,
    they will be in anguish over the report about Tyre.
  Cross over to Tarshish;
    wail, O inhabitants of the coast!
  Is this your exultant city
    whose origin is from days of old,
  whose feet carried her
    to settle far away?
  Who has purposed this
    against Tyre, the bestower of crowns,
  whose merchants were princes,
    whose traders were the honored of the earth?
  The LORD of hosts has purposed it,
    to defile the pompous pride of all glory,
    to dishonor all the honored of the earth.
  Cross over your land like the Nile,
    O daughter of Tarshish;
    there is no restraint anymore.
  He has stretched out his hand over the sea;
    he has shaken the kingdoms;
  the LORD has given command concerning Canaan
    to destroy its strongholds.
  And he said:
  “You will no more exult,
    O oppressed virgin daughter of Sidon;
  arise, cross over to Cyprus,
    even there you will have no rest.”

Behold the land of the Chaldeans! This is the people that was not; Assyria destined it for wild beasts. They erected their siege towers, they stripped her palaces bare, they made her a ruin.

  Wail, O ships of Tarshish,
    for your stronghold is laid waste.

In that day Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years, like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years, it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the prostitute:

  “Take a harp;
    go about the city,
    O forgotten prostitute!
  Make sweet melody;
    sing many songs,
    that you may be remembered.”

At the end of seventy years, the LORD will visit Tyre, and she will return to her wages and will prostitute herself with all the kingdoms of the world on the face of the earth. Her merchandise and her wages will be holy to the LORD. It will not be stored or hoarded, but her merchandise will supply abundant food and fine clothing for those who dwell before the LORD.

(ESV)


Isaiah 23 Commentary

by Hank Workman

To the north of Israel lay the port city of Tyre.  Of the ancient world, it was one of the most famous. Known as the Babylon of the Sea, this seaport was arrogant and filled with people of pride and arrogance.  Many a prophet spoke against this city.  From Jeremiah to Ezekiel, to Joel, Amos and Zechariah, warnings continued to come down upon the evilness at the heart of the people and warnings to Israel against any from of political alliance.

For Israel, the city of Tyre was muddied with personal conflict.  King Hiram of Tyre supplied all the timber for the building of the temple and other projects.  David and Solomon both had used them for this benefit.  Also under Solomon’s reign, King Hiram supplied sailors so Israel could build their own port by the sea.  But also coming from Tyre was a wife of one of the worst rulers of Israel.  Jezebel, whose name alone conjures up thoughts of evil from this town.

Within this prophecy, God speaks toward the destruction of this port and city.  His contention was the people’s pride.  This insidious trait would be dealt with.

This was a place where money ruled.  Arrogance dripped from the merchants and princes as they thought they knew better and had the upper hand.  How things would eventually change!  Reveling in their own glory God purposed to judge them.  He would humble them completely.

Pride is one of the basic sins that God opposes again and again.  It’s the concept that we don’t need His guidance.  It’s the idea we are all sufficient.  It’s the actions we know better than Him in our choices.  It’s the wrestling match truly with our own sinful nature that opposes God, takes Him out of the mix and through word and action denies His sovereignty and Lordship.

God would humble them completely.  Historically, this indeed took place.  As Adam Clarke wrote eventually Tyre would sink to utter decay; mere ruin, a bare rock.  It became nothing more than a place to spread fishing nets upon as Ezekiel had foretold would be the case.

When we are driven by pride, a fall will come.  God will do whatever necessary to humble us in order that we turn toward Him.  Some have to fall so far before they’re willing to look up to Him and see the foolishness of their choices and finally surrender to His Lordship.


Isaiah 23 Commentary

by Brad Boyles

Babylon was the great city along the eastern side of the ancient world and Tyre was considered the great city of the west. Tyre was known for their fabulous wealth – a benefit to having a westward-facing city near the sea. Babylon and Tyre together represented everything that was significant in popular culture at that time. They had fame, beauty, wealth, and accomplishments too vast to mention.

We do not know for certain which event in history fulfilled this prophecy. Tyre was attacked at least five different times during Isaiah’s time until 332 BC. The reason none of these were fully successful is because of the unique design of the city. It consisted of the main city just offshore as well as a citadel on the island close by. If the main city came under attack, citizens would simply retreat to the citadel and wait for the attackers to be overcome.

The final destruction of Tyre, which the prophecy may speak of, was when Alexander the Great successfully overran the city and used it’s materials to build a bridge to the island, destroying the citadel. Legend has it Alexander was furious at the difficulty and persistence of the Tyrians, as well as the loss of his men, so he destroyed half the city. It has also been recorded that he crucified 2,000 of the leaders and sold 30,000 others into slavery. The city of Tyre has never been the same.

Just like the other cities, a similar application can be applied. The people were arrogant, prideful and wealthy. They thought they were completely self-sufficient. They believed nothing would overcome them. Ultimately, they placed their trust in all their “stuff” rather than God. The Lord spoke, and the results speak for themselves. We must heed the warning that the proud will fall!

There is no room for both total sacrifice to Jesus and the pride of our selfish desires. The Spirit and the flesh oppose each other, and a true teacher of the Word will be able to discern the difference. Repentance is the key. As the Lord picks apart our pride issues, we must be diligent in humbly confessing our waywardness.

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