Jeremiah 48

Jeremiah 48

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Judgment on Moab

48 Concerning Moab.

Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:

  “Woe to Nebo, for it is laid waste!
    Kiriathaim is put to shame, it is taken;
  the fortress is put to shame and broken down;
    the renown of Moab is no more.
  In Heshbon they planned disaster against her:
    ‘Come, let us cut her off from being a nation!’
  You also, O Madmen, shall be brought to silence;
    the sword shall pursue you.
  “A voice! A cry from Horonaim,
    ‘Desolation and great destruction!’
  Moab is destroyed;
    her little ones have made a cry.
  For at the ascent of Luhith
    they go up weeping;
  for at the descent of Horonaim
    they have heard the distressed cry of destruction.
  Flee! Save yourselves!
    You will be like a juniper in the desert!
  For, because you trusted in your works and your treasures,
    you also shall be taken;
  and Chemosh shall go into exile
    with his priests and his officials.
  The destroyer shall come upon every city,
    and no city shall escape;
  the valley shall perish,
    and the plain shall be destroyed,
    as the LORD has spoken.
  “Give wings to Moab,
    for she would fly away;
  her cities shall become a desolation,
    with no inhabitant in them.

“Cursed is he who does the work of the LORD with slackness, and cursed is he who keeps back his sword from bloodshed.

  “Moab has been at ease from his youth
    and has settled on his dregs;
  he has not been emptied from vessel to vessel,
    nor has he gone into exile;
  so his taste remains in him,
    and his scent is not changed.

“Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I shall send to him pourers who will pour him, and empty his vessels and break his jars in pieces. Then Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.

  “How do you say, ‘We are heroes
    and mighty men of war’?
  The destroyer of Moab and his cities has come up,
    and the choicest of his young men have gone down to slaughter,
    declares the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.
  The calamity of Moab is near at hand,
    and his affliction hastens swiftly.
  Grieve for him, all you who are around him,
    and all who know his name;
  say, ‘How the mighty scepter is broken,
    the glorious staff.’
  “Come down from your glory,
    and sit on the parched ground,
    O inhabitant of Dibon!
  For the destroyer of Moab has come up against you;
    he has destroyed your strongholds.
  Stand by the way and watch,
    O inhabitant of Aroer!
  Ask him who flees and her who escapes;
    say, ‘What has happened?’
  Moab is put to shame, for it is broken;
    wail and cry!
  Tell it beside the Arnon,
    that Moab is laid waste.

“Judgment has come upon the tableland, upon Holon, and Jahzah, and Mephaath, and Dibon, and Nebo, and Beth-diblathaim, and Kiriathaim, and Beth-gamul, and Beth-meon, and Kerioth, and Bozrah, and all the cities of the land of Moab, far and near. The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, declares the LORD.

“Make him drunk, because he magnified himself against the LORD, so that Moab shall wallow in his vomit, and he too shall be held in derision. Was not Israel a derision to you? Was he found among thieves, that whenever you spoke of him you wagged your head?

  “Leave the cities, and dwell in the rock,
    O inhabitants of Moab!
  Be like the dove that nests
    in the sides of the mouth of a gorge.
  We have heard of the pride of Moab—
    he is very proud—
  of his loftiness, his pride, and his arrogance,
    and the haughtiness of his heart.
  I know his insolence, declares the LORD;
    his boasts are false,
    his deeds are false.
  Therefore I wail for Moab;
    I cry out for all Moab;
    for the men of Kir-hareseth I mourn.
  More than for Jazer I weep for you,
    O vine of Sibmah!
  Your branches passed over the sea,
    reached to the Sea of Jazer;
  on your summer fruits and your grapes
    the destroyer has fallen.
  Gladness and joy have been taken away
    from the fruitful land of Moab;
  I have made the wine cease from the winepresses;
    no one treads them with shouts of joy;
    the shouting is not the shout of joy.

“From the outcry at Heshbon even to Elealeh, as far as Jahaz they utter their voice, from Zoar to Horonaim and Eglath-shelishiyah. For the waters of Nimrim also have become desolate. And I will bring to an end in Moab, declares the LORD, him who offers sacrifice in the high place and makes offerings to his god. Therefore my heart moans for Moab like a flute, and my heart moans like a flute for the men of Kir-hareseth. Therefore the riches they gained have perished.

“For every head is shaved and every beard cut off. On all the hands are gashes, and around the waist is sackcloth. On all the housetops of Moab and in the squares there is nothing but lamentation, for I have broken Moab like a vessel for which no one cares, declares the LORD. How it is broken! How they wail! How Moab has turned his back in shame! So Moab has become a derision and a horror to all that are around him.”

  For thus says the LORD:
  “Behold, one shall fly swiftly like an eagle
    and spread his wings against Moab;
  the cities shall be taken
    and the strongholds seized.
  The heart of the warriors of Moab shall be in that day
    like the heart of a woman in her birth pains;
  Moab shall be destroyed and be no longer a people,
    because he magnified himself against the LORD.
  Terror, pit, and snare
    are before you, O inhabitant of Moab!
      declares the LORD.
  He who flees from the terror
    shall fall into the pit,
  and he who climbs out of the pit
    shall be caught in the snare.
  For I will bring these things upon Moab,
    the year of their punishment,
      declares the LORD.
  “In the shadow of Heshbon
    fugitives stop without strength,
  for fire came out from Heshbon,
    flame from the house of Sihon;
  it has destroyed the forehead of Moab,
    the crown of the sons of tumult.
  Woe to you, O Moab!
    The people of Chemosh are undone,
  for your sons have been taken captive,
    and your daughters into captivity.
  Yet I will restore the fortunes of Moab
    in the latter days, declares the LORD.”
  Thus far is the judgment on Moab.

(ESV)


Jeremiah 48 Commentary

by Hank Workman

Complacency – a feeling of calm satisfaction with your own abilities or situation that prevents you from trying harder. 

Cambridge Dictionary

Dictionary.com adds to this. It is the attitude of being unaware of potential danger.

Spiritual complacency is incredibly dangerous.  As our fervency becomes lax in our relationship with Jesus we open ourselves up to all kinds of thinking, which begins with many times feeling satisfied.  As Jesus continues to call us all deeper, to places of trust and faith, there is no way the 2 can coincide.  The problem is we may not deliberately go into sin but our hearts are content where we are.  We don’t grow in Him and consequently have no roots.

So, when challenges come, points of decision are given, like a piece of wood floating on water the gentle waves take us this way and that.  A complacent heart is dangerous.

God’s word against Moab and all that was to come dealt with this issue they had given to.  In fact, in verse 10 He says, “A curse on him who is lax in doing the Lord’s work!” It’s fairly clear of God’s feeling toward any who become complacent in their walk.

The art of winemaking has been pursued and improved over the centuries.  The basics are the first thing that must be done is the grapes are crushed.  It then rests in its juices for 40 days.  This mixture is then poured off and what remains are known (at least within scripture) as the dregs at the bottom of jar.  If draining the juice is not done the wine becomes known as inferior product.

This is the comparison God gives to Moab which stands really through time.  Moab had become complacent in its relationship with Him.  By refusing to do God’s work as they had become satisfied with where they were they were in danger. The same is true for us.

We cannot stay in one place.  We are either growing in our relationship with Jesus or we are drifting backward.  The action is subtle but makes all the difference in our placement with Him.  Yes, like the grapes we can be crushed.  And yes, like the art of winemaking we find ourselves stuck in a place of that hardship for a period of time.  We simply cannot become too comfortable or stuck for the good wine to be found we must be siphoned off the dregs.


Jeremiah 48 Commentary

by Brad Boyles

Moab can trace its ancestry all the way back to Lot. Historically, Israel and Moab experienced times of peace and hostility but there was little love lost between these two nations. Moab seemed to play both sides of the fence. Often, they were a thorn in the side of God’s people. This is why so many prophets spoke out against them (i.e. Isaiah, Amos, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel). This judgment in Jeremiah 48 closely mirrors the words of Isaiah 16.

Another related story involves King Mesha of Moab. After the death of King Ahab of Israel, King Mesha rebelled against King Joram (2 Kings 3) and secured victory over parts of Moab where Israel had ruled. In 1968, archeologists discovered the Moabite Stone which is a tablet with an inscribed story of how the Moabite god Chemosh aided King Mesha in restoring the land of Moab. According to some, it is the earliest certain extra-biblical reference to Yahweh in history. Unfortunately, for Chemosh and the Moabites, Yahweh would have the last word.

“Moab, you trusted in your strength and your wealth, but now even you will be conquered; your god Chemosh will go into exile, along with his princes and priests. [8] Not a town will escape the destruction; both valley and plain will be ruined. I, the LORD, have spoken.

Jeremiah 48:7-8 GNB

Obviously, the judgment of the Moabites is their pride. It is the root of all sin. Ironically, God would come down on His own people for the very same thing, using Israel’s enemies to humble them. In the last 3 chapters, we have read about God humbling Israel’s enemies for the very same reason!

It’s easy to see, we are prideful people. It didn’t matter if you were God’s chosen or an enemy of God. Sin still exists, and it infects the core of who we are. Seeing how much God despises sin, (specifically pride) and how patient He is with us should bring us to our knees and compel us to fall down in total submission.

Pride tricks us into desiring what we want when we want it. Humility helps us understand that no matter where we are, we’re safe with God. The same scenario in our lives looks drastically different depending on the lenses we look through. Are you looking too far forward to where you want to be (even if God has called you there)? Or, are you content with where you are because God is there, in the thick of the mess, working slowly to bring about his plan?

These are tough thoughts, but there is hope God brings at the end of these chapters. However, I also think it is not the main focus of His words so that we are not looking too far forward and worshiping the destination instead of being content here and now with our Creator.

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