8 but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. Early in the morning he came again to the temple. All the people came to him, and he sat down and taught them. The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst they said to him, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery. Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women. So what do you say?” This they said to test him, that they might have some charge to bring against him. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, “Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.” And once more he bent down and wrote on the ground. But when they heard it, they went away one by one, beginning with the older ones, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him. Jesus stood up and said to her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?” She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “Neither do I condemn you; go, and from now on sin no more.”]]
I Am the Light of the World
Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” So the Pharisees said to him, “You are bearing witness about yourself; your testimony is not true.” Jesus answered, “Even if I do bear witness about myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going, but you do not know where I come from or where I am going. You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one. Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father who sent me. In your Law it is written that the testimony of two people is true. I am the one who bears witness about myself, and the Father who sent me bears witness about me.” They said to him therefore, “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither me nor my Father. If you knew me, you would know my Father also.” These words he spoke in the treasury, as he taught in the temple; but no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.
So he said to them again, “I am going away, and you will seek me, and you will die in your sin. Where I am going, you cannot come.” So the Jews said, “Will he kill himself, since he says, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?” He said to them, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins.” So they said to him, “Who are you?” Jesus said to them, “Just what I have been telling you from the beginning. I have much to say about you and much to judge, but he who sent me is true, and I declare to the world what I have heard from him.” They did not understand that he had been speaking to them about the Father. So Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me. And he who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to him.” As he was saying these things, many believed in him.
The Truth Will Set You Free
So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed him, “If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” They answered him, “We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?”
Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who practices sin is a slave to sin. The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. I know that you are offspring of Abraham; yet you seek to kill me because my word finds no place in you. I speak of what I have seen with my Father, and you do what you have heard from your father.”
You Are of Your Father the Devil
They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would be doing the works Abraham did, but now you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did. You are doing the works your father did.” They said to him, “We were not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father—even God.” Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I came from God and I am here. I came not of my own accord, but he sent me. Why do you not understand what I say? It is because you cannot bear to hear my word. You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies. But because I tell the truth, you do not believe me. Which one of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me? Whoever is of God hears the words of God. The reason why you do not hear them is that you are not of God.”
Before Abraham Was, I Am
The Jews answered him, “Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?” Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon, but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me. Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is One who seeks it, and he is the judge. Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death.” The Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have a demon! Abraham died, as did the prophets, yet you say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never taste death.’ Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? And the prophets died! Who do you make yourself out to be?” Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God.’ But you have not known him. I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and I keep his word. Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day. He saw it and was glad.” So the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?” Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” So they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.
John 8 Commentary
by Hank Workman
They set a trap. The teachers and Pharisees thought they had Jesus cornered as they first baited the woman to commit adultery with a man then threw her at His feet. “Caught in the act” they said. Quoting scripture they were in His face with the realities of what Moses’ law said and what she was about to do when they intervened. The deceptive ruse was placed front and center to ensnare Jesus. They thought they had the upper hand.
Later Jesus spoke with the crowd and it got heated. In the discussion they quoted all kinds of scripture to back their points. They set trap after trap to get Him to say something, anything that would give them grounds to discredit but more importantly, get rid of Him. And with each point they made, He came back with Truth of God and His placement with the Father.
The darkness of the hearts of these men, men who were supposed to point people to the ways of God, was exposed over and over again. The darkness of the crowd’s heart who were so set in their ways weren’t open to Jesus and all He stood for; what He represented.
There are those who set traps even today, the spiritual kind. They set up a philosophical discussion they believe will prove their points that counter the Truth of God. There are some who physically set traps with others weaknesses or yes even their addiction, then sit back and watch and wait for them to take the bait. Such actions show the depth of depravity they have, even in the name of God.
As Jesus had nothing to do with such men, neither should we. Their hearts bent on destruction, their ways dictated by self-righteousness that is false, they are dangerous. We should have nothing to do with those who work to see our failure or attempt to discredit.
Jesus said, “If you continue in my word, then you are truly disciples of Mine and you will know the truth and the truth will make you free.” John 8:31-32
Truly disciples of His – that’s what He said. Those who are truly disciples continue in His Word. They seek the Truth of Jesus not the ways of man and empty thoughts that tickle the ear. They seek the grace and mercy Jesus showed them, not setters of traps who revel in another’s failure. It is His Word that exposes the darkness of our own hearts. It is His leading that draws us back again and again to set aside our own selfish ambitions and ways. It is His Spirit who enables us to truly follow and be that of true recognized disciples.
John 8 Commentary
by Brad Boyles
It would not be a stretch to call this the “chapter of traps.” After trying to get Jesus to condemn a woman caught in adultery, the Pharisees continue their verbal trickery.
I Am The Light
Most times we read this statement, we gloss over it as common knowledge. Sure, Jesus is the light. It’s a metaphor. However, such a statement would not have been glossed over so easily in ancient times. Light was an intregal part of Jewish history. It was a symbol that marked the Feast of the Tabernacles and a time to reflect on God had become a pillar of light (fire) that led Israel during their Exodus. Notice how Jesus takes that concept and blows it up.
Then Jesus spoke to them again: “I am the light of the world. Anyone who follows Me will never walk in the darkness but will have the light of life.”John 8:12 HCSB
He is not just the light of Israel. He is the light of the entire world! Once again we see a revolutionary statement that challenged the narrow-minded status quo regarding the Messiah. He goes on to use the term “follow Me” – another reference to how Israel had followed the pillar of fire. Disturbed and confused, the Pharisees engage Him once again hoping to spring a trap.
It’s sneaky and disgusting. The religious elite attempt to invalidate Jesus’ witness by using His own words against Him. In John 5, Jesus had said, “If I testify about Myself, My testimony is not valid.” He then went on to prove why His testimony was valid and offered three examples. The Pharisees remembered this, and tried to catch Him contradicting Himself. However, Jesus refers back to Deuteronomy 17 which requires at least two witnesses for testimony to be valid. Naturally, both the Son and the Father testify to His Messianic nature, therefore, His words are true. Interestingly, this also provides foundational evidence supporting the fact that the Son and the Father could be viewed separately. Earlier, in John 1, it was established that Jesus is God in the flesh. He is both God and His own person.
With all this talk about His Father, the Pharisees ask a question that is both insulting and potentially damning. They ask Him who His father is. They know His earthly father is Joseph, but they also know the scandal that surrounds His birth. It was, of course, a virgin birth but they believed was premarital. They may have been expecting Jesus to say Joseph so they could condemn Him with their “inside knowledge.” Jesus doesn’t take the bait. He very plainly tells them they do not know His Father – a complete reversal to the insult they initially planned. In fact, they may not have understood just how insulting this statement was at the time! Jesus was telling them they don’t know God! This fact is revealed later in the chapter. (Joh 8:27 “They did not know He was speaking to them about the Father.”)
Agitated, the Pharisees move to a different tactic which they used repeatedly through Jesus’ ministry. They ask Him to directly state who He is. They were looking for an answer they could use to have Him sentenced and executed. Jesus, once again, doesn’t take the bait. He reiterates His identity as consistent with His previous teachings. Then He goes on to say something that absolutely crushes His opponents.
The One who sent Me is with Me. He has not left Me alone, because I always do what pleases Him.”John 8:29 HCSB
Obedience. Jesus turns the conversation from words to actions. He challenges His opponents to find a flaw in anything He has done to this point. Conversation over.
We might be tempted to think that traps like this are just distractions with no real purpose. The conversation was unfair. The motive of the religious leaders was repulsive. It makes me sick to my stomach to think about being put in such a vulnerable state where everything I’m saying is being questioned and evaluated. But one verse reveals a different story. There was fruit.
As He was saying these things, many believed in Him.John 8:30 HCSB
How did this happen?
The people looking in from the outside saw the consistency of Jesus and the inconsistency of the Pharisees. Both claimed to know God. Both claimed to work for His Kingdom. Both claimed to have authority directly from Him. The difference was found in who had the actions to match the words. The people knew the track records of both, and they believed Jesus because He walked the talk. What a challenge for us to consider!