The Inheritance for Simeon
19 The second lot came out for Simeon, for the tribe of the people of Simeon, according to their clans, and their inheritance was in the midst of the inheritance of the people of Judah. And they had for their inheritance Beersheba, Sheba, Moladah, Hazar-shual, Balah, Ezem, Eltolad, Bethul, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susah, Beth-lebaoth, and Sharuhen—thirteen cities with their villages; Ain, Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan—four cities with their villages, together with all the villages around these cities as far as Baalath-beer, Ramah of the Negeb. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Simeon according to their clans. The inheritance of the people of Simeon formed part of the territory of the people of Judah. Because the portion of the people of Judah was too large for them, the people of Simeon obtained an inheritance in the midst of their inheritance.
The Inheritance for Zebulun
The third lot came up for the people of Zebulun, according to their clans. And the territory of their inheritance reached as far as Sarid. Then their boundary goes up westward and on to Mareal and touches Dabbesheth, then the brook that is east of Jokneam. From Sarid it goes in the other direction eastward toward the sunrise to the boundary of Chisloth-tabor. From there it goes to Daberath, then up to Japhia. From there it passes along on the east toward the sunrise to Gath-hepher, to Eth-kazin, and going on to Rimmon it bends toward Neah, then on the north the boundary turns about to Hannathon, and it ends at the Valley of Iphtahel; and Kattath, Nahalal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem—twelve cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the people of Zebulun, according to their clans—these cities with their villages.
The Inheritance for Issachar
The fourth lot came out for Issachar, for the people of Issachar, according to their clans. Their territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem, Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath, Rabbith, Kishion, Ebez, Remeth, En-gannim, En-haddah, Beth-pazzez. The boundary also touches Tabor, Shahazumah, and Beth-shemesh, and its boundary ends at the Jordan—sixteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Issachar, according to their clans—the cities with their villages.
The Inheritance for Asher
The fifth lot came out for the tribe of the people of Asher according to their clans. Their territory included Helkath, Hali, Beten, Achshaph, Allammelech, Amad, and Mishal. On the west it touches Carmel and Shihor-libnath, then it turns eastward, it goes to Beth-dagon, and touches Zebulun and the Valley of Iphtahel northward to Beth-emek and Neiel. Then it continues in the north to Cabul, Ebron, Rehob, Hammon, Kanah, as far as Sidon the Great. Then the boundary turns to Ramah, reaching to the fortified city of Tyre. Then the boundary turns to Hosah, and it ends at the sea; Mahalab, Achzib, Ummah, Aphek and Rehob—twenty-two cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Asher according to their clans—these cities with their villages.
The Inheritance for Naphtali
The sixth lot came out for the people of Naphtali, for the people of Naphtali, according to their clans. And their boundary ran from Heleph, from the oak in Zaanannim, and Adami-nekeb, and Jabneel, as far as Lakkum, and it ended at the Jordan. Then the boundary turns westward to Aznoth-tabor and goes from there to Hukkok, touching Zebulun at the south and Asher on the west and Judah on the east at the Jordan. The fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chinnereth, Adamah, Ramah, Hazor, Kedesh, Edrei, En-hazor, Yiron, Migdal-el, Horem, Beth-anath, and Beth-shemesh—nineteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Naphtali according to their clans—the cities with their villages.
The Inheritance for Dan
The seventh lot came out for the tribe of the people of Dan, according to their clans. And the territory of its inheritance included Zorah, Eshtaol, Ir-shemesh, Shaalabbin, Aijalon, Ithlah, Elon, Timnah, Ekron, Eltekeh, Gibbethon, Baalath, Jehud, Bene-berak, Gath-rimmon, and Me-jarkon and Rakkon with the territory over against Joppa. When the territory of the people of Dan was lost to them, the people of Dan went up and fought against Leshem, and after capturing it and striking it with the sword they took possession of it and settled in it, calling Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their ancestor. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Dan, according to their clans—these cities with their villages.
The Inheritance for Joshua
When they had finished distributing the several territories of the land as inheritances, the people of Israel gave an inheritance among them to Joshua the son of Nun. By command of the LORD they gave him the city that he asked, Timnath-serah in the hill country of Ephraim. And he rebuilt the city and settled in it.
These are the inheritances that Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the people of Israel distributed by lot at Shiloh before the LORD, at the entrance of the tent of meeting. So they finished dividing the land.
Joshua 19 Commentary
by Hank Workman
The final division of the land is done. All tribes have been given land to make their home. On some levels, the reading of the division has been a bit monotonous. But for each tribe it was a significant move by God. You see, they could have simply been given the ‘entire land’ as a people but instead boundaries were set. One may wonder why this is the case. Through God’s wisdom this did something for each tribe. The boundaries created ownership for each people group which would bring a unity as they worked together on their area. These boundaries also gave each tribe responsibility. They had just their own people to work the land, build their cities and consequently reduced conflict as there would not be skirmishes for the best land.
Truly, each group was given something that would mark them as their own.
As I’ve thought about this, I think of the church. I think of our own roles even within. In Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians he wrote beautifully of the spiritual gifts God gives to each of His children. “There is one Body but many members…” Paul states (1 Corinthians 12:12) He goes on to speak about how we were each given a function that builds up the Body of Christ and warns against our desiring what someone else has because our role is just as important as theirs. Practically he speaks of a foot saying I am not part of the body because I’m not a hand and so forth. The point is clear. We each have a significant role and function that builds up the Church itself and drives it toward moving forward to the glory of Jesus.
We each have gifts. We each have purpose. We each have things uniquely tailored to our building up the Body of Christ. When we get lost in desiring what another has, we fail to function in the calling God has for us. We may even fall into skirmishes with another because from our vantage point they have something more superior to ours. That is not the case. Realize your gifts and flourish in them! Use them to the building up of the Body of which you are part of and find your ultimate joy and fulfillment!
Joshua 19 Commentary
by Brad Boyles
When the people of Israel finished dividing up the land, they gave Joshua son of Nun a part of the land as his own. 50 As the LORD had commanded, they gave him the city he asked for: Timnath Serah, in the hill country of Ephraim. He rebuilt the city and settled there. 51 Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders of the families of the tribes of Israel assigned these parts of the land by drawing lots to consult the LORD at Shiloh, at the entrance of the Tent of the LORD’s presence. In this way they finished dividing the land.Joshua 19:49-51
When they had finished dividing up all the land, still one remained to receive his portion. Joshua waited patiently for his inheritance to be given as the Lord had promised. This ending to Joshua 19 strikes me as such a powerful example of humility. We see a similar theme in the Gospels.
Just as Joshua took a back seat to the tribes, Jesus humbled Himself before us.
This, however, is not the way it shall be among you. If one of you wants to be great, you must be the servant of the rest; 27 and if one of you wants to be first, you must be the slave of the others— 28 like the Son of Man, who did not come to be served, but to serve and to give his life to redeem many people.”Matthew 20:26-28
I believe you can measure the confidence of a true leader by the humility characteristic alone. To a leader who has an accurate and measured understanding of their place and purpose, service will come naturally.
Joshua brings his whole nation to the glorious riches of the Promised Land and then proceeds to wait, in the Spirit of Jesus Christ, as each is given what they were told. We see no complaining, or hurrying. We do not read of any kind of irritation or conflict. Joshua was content to wait for others even to receive his place of permanent residence. It’s a vital lesson for us today. I love these thoughts from the Preacher’s Homiletical Commentary…
(King) Ahab, who brings his people to ruin, turns his face to the wall, like a sulky child, and will eat no bread, because he cannot get Naboth’s vineyard; Joshua, who brings the whole nation to rich possessions, waits, in the spirit of a true man, till others are satisfied, ere he thinks to ask even a home for himself.Preacher’s Homiletical Commentary