Romans 5

Romans 5

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Peace with God Through Faith

Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God. Not only that, but we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.

For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die—but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.

Death in Adam, Life in Christ

Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


Romans 5 Commentary

by Hank Workman

We’re selfish.  Decisions are made based on what benefits us, what we want to do.  Seeing someone in need or crying out for help sometimes causes us to look the other direction.  We don’t want to get involved.  Our tongue is quick to speak and start fires.  Our attitudes rage against situations, people, life.  Innately a part of our very existence, self rules much of the time.

Consequently, we find ourselves in situation after situation, broken and strained relationships and worse.  We stay miserable.  All of which is a result of our own selfishness.  It’s a human nature problem.  It’s a sin problem.

The fortunate thing is God loves us still.  In the darkest of who we have become or what roadside area we’ve pulled in as we’ve embraced our own self-absorbed state, his love is unwavering.

The unfortunate thing, well it’s really not unfortunate but a work of God that’s amazing is He will allow those choices of ours to drive us toward Him.  Sometimes that’s what it takes.  We have to come to the end of ourselves in order to be willing to begin with Him.

For through His love that meets us at the ugliest part of who we are, He is not willing to let us stay there.  That is real love.  He sees who we are, meets us right there, but also calls us beyond.  Not only did Jesus die for the darkest part of us, but the Father is also determined to see the circumstances we find ourselves in to make and mold us more into the image of His Son.  Sometimes it gets worse for us before it gets better.

Look at your state.  Look at things that have possibly spun out of control on the levels of your own relationships, life.  Has your selfish nature been the jump start of these?  What is God attempting to do in you at the moment?

Romans 5 Commentary

by Brad Boyles

Romans 5 marks a transition. Paul has been formulating his theological argument around sin and justification which continues throughout the first half of this chapter. He then moves into a new theme that centers on the antithesis of life and death. You can easily spot the transition if you have headers in your Bible. The first half is Peace with God Through Faith and the second half is Death in Adam, Life in Christ.

Consider what the readers of this letter may have been wondering. It seems like the two most pressing issues we deal with as humans are, “How can I overcome my sin?” and “How can I overcome death?” Paul nails both of these topics head-on in Romans 5

Romans 5:1 is a beautiful and concise summary of what Paul has been arguing for 4 chapters. We can only be justified by faith, and when we are, we find peace with God. Our sin is paid by Jesus and there is nothing that separates us from His presence. You cannot overcome your sin, but Jesus already did.

Next, Paul tackles the threat of death to the sinner. If sin has been paid, what happens at death?

Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,  21  so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 5:20-21 ESV

Sin leads to death, but because grace abounded, Christ’s righteousness leads us to eternal life!

“This is the profoundest and most fundamental section of the whole Epistle. It contains an insight into the deep things of God, 1Co 2:10. We must read it slowly and thoughtfully many times in order to catch its drift.”

F.B. Meyer
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